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Foundation  Inspection in Charleston  SC, Macon, Atlanta and Savannah  Georgia
Foundation Repair  Inspection Charleston  SC, Macon Ga, Atlanta and Savannah  Georgia
Termite Damage  Inspection In Charleston  SC, Macon Ga, Atlanta and Savannah  Georgia
Foundation Water Damage in Charleston  SC, Macon Ga, Atlanta and Savannah  Georgia
Sagging Floor or Foundation in Charleston  SC, Macon Ga, Atlanta and Savannah  Georgia

Crawl Space Foundation Footings, Piers, and Curtain Walls

Continuous Stem Wall Footing
Pier and Beam Foundation Detail
Pier Column and Wall Designs of a Crawl Space Foundation
The two most commonly used support components used with crawl space (pier and beam) foundations are pier columns and curtain walls.
Regardless of the foundation design used, the footings must be adequately sized to support the loads.
Continuous Foundation Wall
Spot Pier Design
Crawl space (pier and beam) foundations are commonly constructed of  brick or masonry
block pier columns supported by individual, reinforced-concrete pad footings. For pier
and beam foundations, pier spacing will also depend upon arrangement of floor framing,
particularly the location of bearing and partition walls. Depending on the size of the
structural beams, spacing of piers in the range of 6' to 10' is common practice. The
openness of pier foundations creates natural venting of the crawlspace.
Continuous Curtain Wall Design

Continuous Curtain designs are frequently constructed of  masonry blocks, bricks,  
or poured concrete, supported by a continuous reinforced-concrete spread footing.
Curtain wall designs may include interior spot piers for support of the raised floor
system. Moisture control (venting) of the crawlspace created by the curtain wall
foundation is an important issue.
Spot Footings
Spot Footings
A spot or pad footing is used to support a single point of contact, such as under a pier or post. A
spot footing is typically a 2' by 2' square pad, 10" to 12" thick, and made with reinforced steel
(rebar) and concrete rated to 3,000 to 5,000 pounds per square inch (psi) in compression.
                                                  TYPES OF CRAWL SPACE FOOTINGS

Foundation Walls and Spot Piers are built upon a ‘FOOTING’, which is usually a thickened area of poured concrete that bears directly on
undisturbed soil. The footing serves to spread the load of the Foundation Walls or Spot Piers onto the soil and helps prevent the foundation
from settling. The Foundation Walls or Spot Piers are then formed and poured (if concrete) or built upon the footing. The foundation Walls
or Spot Piers normally extend about a foot or so above the grade or soil level, so that the wooden parts of the house are raised above the soil
and are thus protected from the moisture.

The minimum width and depth of the footing is dictated by several factors. Most critical is the prevailing climate and type of soils.
Another consideration is the size of the house built. A two story home may require a thicker footing than a single story home.
Continuous Spread Footing
A continuous spread footing is commonly used to provide a stable base around the entire
perimeter of a structure. Buildings with spread footings often include interior spot footings.
A spread footing supports the weight (load) from the exterior or foundation walls. The
footing thickness provides the strength needed to support the weight. The wider width of
the footing base creates a large area to transfer this weight to the ground and to prevent
settlement.

The dimensions of a continuous spread footing vary according to the soil conditions under
the building, the load placed on the footing, and the construction style of the structure
being supported.
Evolution In Action Crawl Space Foundation Repair Company. Specializing in Foundation
Settlement, Foundation Jacking and Leveling, Sagging Floors, Water Damage, Termite
Damage, Foundation Inspections and Cost Estimates,

Georgia
Acworth GA - Alpharetta GA  -Atlanta GA -  Americus - Austell - Bainbridge - Belvedere Park - Brunswick - Buford - Cairo - Calhoun -
Canton - Carrollton - Cartersville - Cedartown - Centerville  - Chamblee - College Park - Conyers - Cordele - Covington - Dallas - Dalton -
Dawson  - Decatur - Doraville - Douglas - Douglasville - Druid Hills - Dublin - Duluth GA - Eatonton  - East Point GA - Evans - Fairburn -
Fayetteville - Forest Park - Fort Oglethorpe - Fort Stewart - Garden City  - Gresham Park - Griffin - Hinesville - Hinesville - Jesup -
Kennesaw GA - Kingsland - Lawrenceville GA - Lilburn - Lithia Springs - Loganville GA - Macon GA - Mableton - Martinez - Milledgeville  -
Perry - Pooler GA - Powder Springs - Richmond Hill - Rincon - Riverdale GA - Rome - Saint Marys - Saint Simons - Snellville - Statesboro -
Stockbridge - Sugar Hill - Suwanee - Thomaston - Thomasville - Tifton - Toccoa - Tucker - Union City - Vidalia - Villa Rica - Waycross, GA
- Wilmington Island - Winder - Woodstock

South Carolina
Aiken, SC - Anderson, SC - Beaufort, SC - Bennettsville, SC - Berea, SC - Cayce, SC - Charleston, SC - Clemson, SC - Clinton, SC - Columbia,
SC - Conway, SC - Dentsville, SC - Easley, SC - Florence, SC - Forest Acres, SC - Gaffney, SC - Gantt, SC - Georgetown, SC - Goose Creek, SC
- Greenville, SC - Greenwood, SC - Greer, SC - Hanahan, SC - Hilton Head Island, SC - Irmo, SC - Ladson, SC - Lancaster, SC - Laurens, SC -
Lexington, SC - Mauldin, SC - Mount Pleasant, SC - Myrtle Beach, SC - Newberry, SC - North Augusta, SC - North Charleston, SC - North
Myrtle Beach, SC - Orangeburg, SC - Parker, SC - Rock Hill, SC - Simpsonville, SC - Socastee, SC - Spartanburg, SC - Summerville, SC -
Sumter, SC - Taylors, SC - Union, SC - Wade Hampton, SC - West Columbia, SC
Foundation Cost Estimate in Charleston  SC, Macon, Atlanta and Savannah  Georgia
Foundation  Damage  Inspection In Charleston  SC, Macon, Atlanta and Savannah  Georgia
Foundation Repair  Inspection in Charleston  SC, Macon, Atlanta and Savannah  Georgia
Foundation Inspections in Charleston  SC, Macon, Atlanta and Savannah  Georgia
Evolution In Action Structural Foundation Repair Company In Ga and SC Crawl Space Foundation Repair Contractor In Ga and SC Foundation Settlement, Sagging, Leveling and Repair In Ga and SC Structural, Water, Termite Damage Repair In Ga and SC Contact Evolution In Action Foundation Repair Company In Ga and SC
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Termite shields  are a sheet metal fabrication used in light frame construction to
reduce the movement of termites from the soil into wood framing members such as floor
joists and studs. Termite shields are made from various sheet metals including galvanized
steel, terne metal, copper, or aluminum. The metal is formed to fit between the top of the
foundation wall and the bottom of the wood sole plate. The edges of the termite shield are
typically hemmed, extended slightly beyond the face of the wall, and turned down to form
a drip edge which diverts water running down the face of the wall and reduce the
movement of subterranean termites from the soil up into the wood framing members.

When termites encounter a termite shield, they are forced along the barrier as they seek
out the edge. This forces them into the light. Since termites do not like light, they will
usually seek out easier sources of food than the wood above the barrier. They also cannot
tunnel through the barrier or create tunnels which will allow them to work around it. This
keeps termites away from the wooden elements of the foundation, and, in turn, away from
framing, joists, and other wooden parts of a structure.
"Thin Wall Screw Jacks and Wood Posts will eventually need to be replaced as a
of result rusting, bowing, water/termite damage... They are not a permanent
repair and may will not pass a home inspection when you sell the home".
(912) 631-2115
Savannah, Ga
(404) 784-4301
Atlanta, Ga
(843) 303-1266
South Carolina
Evolution In Action Crawl Space Foundation Repair Atlanta, Charleston, Savannah, Ga & SC
Evolution In Action Crawl Space Foundation Repair Atlanta, Charleston, Savannah, Ga & SC
Low Price Crawl Space Foundation Repair Atlanta, Charleston, Savannah, Ga & SC